Public expenditure on education in Jamaica continues to surpass the average for developing countries. Yet low test scores put into question the adequacy of returns on investment in education for Jamaica. To adequately, monitor and boost returns on investment the mechanisms for assessing school performance need to be upgraded to incorporate more data-driven decision making. The Caribbean Policy Research Institute has developed a scorecard which assesses the current status and future prospects of nine critical dimensions of education in Jamaica: student enrolment levels, length of stay in school, test scores, gender equity in enrolment, performance standards, assessment system, management and accountability, safeguarding the teaching profession, and education expenditure. An enhanced education system in Jamaica requires the development and enforcement of standards to guide each dimension.